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The perfect cheese fondue: tips for success and 3 recipes

Whether it’s for a romantic evening, a dinner with friends at the chalet or after a good day of skiing, cheese fondue is always a treat.

Like raclette and fondue, it is a convivial dish that requires little preparation and allows you to enjoy your time at the table! 

How to make a perfect cheese fondue

Here are all our tips and advice, as well as 3 recipes, for a perfect cheese fondue.

How many varieties of cheese to choose and the quantity per person?

Grated cheese for cheese fondue
Photo : Pixabay

The choice of cheese varieties and the amount per person is the basis of the cheese fondue.

Cheese varieties

Ideally, you should choose between 2 and 3 varieties of cheese for the fondue.

It’s important to have a pressed cooked cheese (Gruyère or Emmental) and a pressed uncooked cheese such as Vacherin Fribourgeois.

Which quantity of cheese should I use per person?

If the fondue is served as a main course, we recommend about 200g of cheese per person, without the crust.

If the fondue is served as an appetizer, about 100g of cheese per person is recommended.

White wine, beer or broth for fondue?

White wine for the fondue
Photo: Unsplash

Some purists will only put cheese in their fondue, but generally a liquid is added to the cheese mixture for more flavor and a more interesting consistency.

Traditionally, white wine is used, preferably dry, but other alcohols can also be used:

  • beer (blonde or white);
  • brandy or kirsch.

A fondue without alcohol

For a non-alcoholic fondue, you can use :

  • vegetable or chicken broth;
  • a non-alcoholic wine or beer.

For liquid proportions: you should plan on about 100 ml of liquid per person.

But since this amount can vary depending on a multitude of factors such as the cheeses used or the cooking temperature, it is best to add it gradually, in small quantities, while the cheese is melting.

What to serve other than bread with fondue?

Bread for the cheese fondue
Photo: Unsplash

Bread is the classic accompaniment to cheese fondue.

Bread that has a firm texture is preferred to hold the melted cheese, such as day-old bread that has hardened a bit. 

You could very well serve only pieces of baguette with your cheese fondue.

But for a little more variety, here are some other suggestions for side dishes:

  • previously blanched vegetables that go well with cheese: baby potatoes, asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts;
  • other vegetables such as mushrooms or cherry tomatoes;
  • fruits: apples or pears in quarters, grapes;
  • cold cuts such as grison meat;
  • pickles, pickled onions.

Other ways to enjoy a cheese fondue

Black tea, kirsch and cheese fondue
Black tea, kirsch and cheese fondue

A fun way to enjoy a cheese fondue is like they serve it at the Auberge St-Gabriel in Montreal, with a small bowl of kirsch and black tea.

You should therefore dip your piece of bread in the kirsch before dipping it in the cheese.

The dryness of the kirsch blends very well with the creaminess of the cheese, resulting in a very tasty (and alcoholic!) bite.

What about black tea instead of water? It would have the effect of facilitating digestion.

What to serve as an appetizer or dessert with cheese fondue?

Broccoli and leek soup

As we know, cheese fondue is a rather heavy dish;

As with raclette, light accompaniments are recommended: 

Cooking tips to make a successful cheese fondue every time

Perfect cheese fondue

How to avoid having a fondue that is too thick or too liquid?

Add any liquid gradually to the cheese while melting it.

This ensures that you can stop when the texture is perfect and avoid using too much liquid. 

If the fondue is ever too liquid, you can add a little cornstarch diluted in the chosen liquid or more cheese, if you have any left. If the fondue is too thick, simply add more liquid.

Why add cornstarch?

The starch allows to bind together the ingredients of the fondue. This avoids having a fondue where the cheese separates

For best results, mix the cornstarch with the unmelted grated cheese so that it sticks to all the pieces.

When eating the fondue, avoid letting the tines of the fork protrude from the piece of bread so as not to scrape the bottom of the fondue pot and thus release pieces of cheese stuck to the bottom (called la religieuse, french fo the nun). This could alter the taste of the fondue. 

The best way to do this is to stick the piece of bread into the crust.

3 cheese fondue recipes

Here are three variations of the cheese fondue:

  • the half and half fondue
  • the Fribourg fondue
  • Marc Bolay’s fondue, served at Auberge St-Gabriel.
Fondue au fromage - caquelon
Yield: 2 persons

Half and half cheese fondue and Fribourg

Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes

Here are two variations of the classic cheese fondue, the half and half and the Fribourg fondue


For the half and half fondue

  • ½ part grated Gruyère cheese
  • ½ part vacherin Fribourgeois cheese cut into cubes

For Fribourg fondue*

  • ⅓ part Gruyère
  • ⅓ part Emmenthal
  • ⅓ part Appenzeller

For both recipes

  • 1 Tbsp cornstarch
  • Clove of garlic
  • White wine (or broth, beer)


  • Ground pepper (to taste)
  • Pinch of nutmeg


  1. Mix cornstarch with unmelted grated cheese so that it coats all the pieces.
  2. Rub the fondue pot with a clove of garlic.
  3. Add a little wine in the pot and bring to a simmer.
  4. Add some of the cheese and lower the heat.
  5. Stir gently to melt the cheese**.
  6. Add chopped garlic clove (optional).
  7. A handful at a time, continue to add the cheese, gently melting it.
  8. When cheese is melted, gradually add remaining wine (or liquid of choice) until smooth and not too liquid.***
  9. Add pepper and nutmeg. Increase heat slightly and bring to a simmer, stirring constantly.
  10. Serve immediately.


* We can also change the mix for ½ gruyere, ¼ emmenthal and ¼ appenzeller.

** You can also stir the cheese with a fork to emulsify it and make it more aerated.

*** It' s best to add the liquid a little at a time to avoid having a fondue that is too fluid. If this happens, you can correct it by adding more cheese (if you have any left) or by adding cornstarch diluted in a little liquid.

Fondue au fromage suisse
Yield: 4 to 6 persons

Marc Bolay’s fondue recipe

Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 30 minutes

This is Marc Bolay's Swiss cheese fondue recipe, as served at  Auberge St-Gabriel in Old Montreal. A real treat!


  • 2 cloves of garlic, cut in half
  • 200 ml (¾ cup) sparkling wine
  • 5 turns of the pepper mill
  • 700 g (6 ¼ cups) grated Swiss Gruyère cheese
  • 300 g (2 ¼ cups) Vacherin Fribourgeois cheese, diced
  • 1 Tbsp cornstarch
  • 1 tsp brandy
  • 1 tsp baking soda
  • freshly ground pepper
  • 2 baguettes, cut into cubes


  1. Rub the garlic pieces against the sides of the fondue pot.
  2. Add sparkling wine and pepper.
  3. As soon as the sparkling wine is simmering, add the Gruyère, Fribourg cheese and cornstarch.
  4. Mix gently until the cheese is completely melted and smooth.
  5. When it boils slightly on the sides, combine the brandy and bicarbonate in a bowl and pour over the cheese.
  6. Mix gently and place on a stove as soon as the cheese foams.
  7. Enjoy.

Ready-to-go cheese fondue mixes

Several cheese shops now offer bags of cheese already grated for cheese fondue. 

Atwater cheese shop, for example, offers two blends, the Swiss fondue and the Boss fondue. The fondues are for 2 people.

Thanks to the Atwater Cheese Store and to Marc Bolay of the Auberge St-Gabriel for their help in preparing this article.

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